Coronavirus Disease 2019 or COVID-19 has become one of the most important epidemics in the world. As a global health problem, it has been on the world agenda for more than 1 year. The disease agent is the virus named Sars-Cov2, which comes from the coronavirus family. COVID-19 disease, which affects the whole world in a short time with its fast transmission feature, is an infection that creates respiratory problems. It has also been found that the disease, which is characterized by fever and shortness of breath, causes loss of smell and taste.
COVID-19 is a disease that the medical world does not fully recognize yet. Research into the virus and disease continues. Every day, new findings are revealed by researchers in various parts of the world. COVID-19, which causes serious health problems in advanced cases and can be severe in case of a chronic disease underlying it, and even causes the patient to die, may worry pregnant women.
Fear and anxiety of contracting coronavirus by pregnant individuals is increasing. Questions such as whether pregnant women overcome the coronavirus difficult, and whether the coronavirus is treated in pregnant women can be asked.
Is pregnancy a risk factor for coronavirus?
Coronavirus is known to be risky in elderly and people with chronic diseases. Therefore, pregnancy is not a direct risk factor for coronavirus. However, pregnancy is a sensitive period and it is a critical period in terms of mother and baby health. For this reason, COVID-19 should be protected as much as possible during pregnancy and the disease should be seen as a risk.
Healthy and young pregnant women who do not have any chronic diseases can overcome the coronavirus. It is not yet known whether the coronavirus is transmitted to the unborn baby or whether it affects the baby. There is currently no comprehensive data available on these issues.
Pregnancy is a sensitive period for mother and baby health. The mother is expected to protect herself as much from coronavirus. Unless it is compulsory, they should not leave the house, accept guests, or enter crowded environments. The expectant mother should pay maximum attention to mask, distance and hygiene rules.
What should pregnant women with coronavirus symptoms do?
Those who show symptoms, especially fever, dry cough, joint and muscle pain among the symptoms of coronavirus, should wear a mask and give a sample for the PCR test at the nearest health institution. This is important for both early diagnosis of the disease in the body and prevention of contamination to the environment.
How is coronavirus treated in pregnant women?
Coronavirus treatment is different during pregnancy. The main principle in treatment is that antivital therapy should not be administered unless it is complicated. Therefore, coronavirus should be overcome by resting the mother isolated at home in pregnant women who do not have respiratory distress, have no problems with nutrition, and whose disease is not severe. If the mother-to-be has a mild illness, she should pay attention to her nutrition, and balance her immune system by eating a balanced diet with food supplements such as fruit.
Coronavirus treatment in pregnant women is a sensitive issue. Hydroxychloroquine, one of the coronavirus drugs, should be used by the doctor if deemed appropriate according to the patient’s condition. Hospitalization of pregnant women with severe disease is appropriate. Low-dose paracetamol can be given as a pain reliever.
Coronavirus cases during pregnancy should be treated with the knowledge of the doctor. If there is, disease information such as chronic blood pressure of pregnant women should be given to the doctor. In these cases, hospitalization may be required.