Scoliosis, one of the deformities that occur in the spine, can be diagnosed and treated at a young age. As is known, the vertebrae in the spine are lined up in a straight line from the neck to the waist. In rare cases, the vertebrae move left or right or turn around themselves. The three-dimensional deformity that occurs in this situation is defined as scoliosis. How to treat spinal curvature and scoliosis are among the frequently asked questions
Spinal curvature causes and symptoms
Causes of scoliosis or spinal curvature cannot be found in many cases. Scoliosis can be congenital or due to spinal curvature due to some diseases. The main causes of spinal curvature are as follows:
Congenital structural disorders,
Connective tissue diseases such as Marfan syndrome,
The difference in length in the legs,
Symptoms in spinal curvature are often not evident. School scans are important for early diagnosis of scoliosis. Level difference between the shoulders, visual disturbances, unsymmetrical situations that appear at the shoulder blades and breast level can be signs of scoliosis.
How is curvature of the spine scoliosis treated?
Curvatures up to 10 cm, called spinal asymmetry, do not have a negative effect on physical health. Therefore, for scoliosis treatment to be considered, the curvature must rise above 10 degrees. The treatment of scoliosis curvatures between 20 and 40 degrees is performed as physical therapy. The use of corsets and exercises are important in treatment. Curvatures over 40 degrees in the lumbar region and scoliosis curves over 45 and 50 degrees are corrected surgically.
How is the treatment in childhood scoliosis?
Spine development up to 15 degrees in childhood scoliosis is checked and monitored by the doctor. In children, rehabilitation may be required at an angle of 15-20 degrees cobb. Scoliosis exercises are movements focused on stretching and strengthening together with various techniques. Corset treatment can be applied to children over 20 degrees and above 5 years old. A body cast is preferred for children under the age of 5. In children with a curvature of the spine over 40 degrees, the progression of the curvature can be slowed down with corset treatment. In cases where corset treatment is not effective, scoliosis is tried to be corrected by placing rods on the spine without the need for fusion procedure, with the system of extensible rods.
How is adult spinal curvature treated?
In the treatment of adult scoliosis, physical therapy is used to correct the curvature and reduce the patient’s complaints such as pain. In intensive rehabilitation, a patient-specific physical therapy program is applied. The corset can also be used as a support method in the exercise treatment phase. Solving muscle spasm is essential in exercises. It is aimed to relieve pain. Exercises focused on increasing physical condition are applied under the direction of a physiotherapist.
Pain complaints of the patient can be severe in cases of advanced scoliosis. In addition, the patient loses balance and his ability weakens. In these cases, physical therapy may be inconclusive. Patients may experience incontinence and muscle weakness due to scoliosis. These problems make fusion necessary. With scoliosis surgery, the curvature is tried to be corrected by fusing the vertebrae to a degree to provide balance. Spinal surgery is a treatment method used when no response to non-surgical means is obtained.