Bone marrow transplantation is possible in two ways. In autologous transplantation, the patient’s own bone marrow is transplanted. In allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow is taken from another donor. Before transplantation, the patient receives chemotherapy, and in some diseases, radiotherapy in addition to chemotherapy. At this stage, known as the conditioning regime, the immune system is suppressed, cancerous cells are destroyed, and the bone marrow is prepared for new stem cells.