Obesity is seen as the most important public health problem by the world health authorities. Obesity, as a serious health problem that also disrupts the health and working principle of the body, can hit individuals at any age. The world of science is closely interested in childhood obesity, which is becoming increasingly common in the world.
What is obesity, which is seen as a disease of the age in recent years? Obesity is a health problem that invites various diseases by disrupting the health and body functions of the individual due to the fat in the body. Treatment methods of obesity, especially diet and exercise, and extending to surgical interventions, are quite developed today.
Obesity is a health problem that must be treated due to various diseases caused by it. High blood pressure and heart diseases rank first among obesity-related diseases.
In addition, obesity;
Infertility in men,
Gall bladder diseases,
Excessive hair growth,
Coronary artery disease,
It is also known to cause psychological problems.
How do you know if you are obese?
Obesity is diagnosed by calculating the body mass index. The body mass index of the person is found by dividing the total body weight in square meters by the height of the person. Body mass index over 30 is seen as obesity.
Obesity patients generally show the following symptoms:
Irritation in the body,
Being out of breath in the simplest exercises,
Darkening of the skin and skin diseases,
Fungal growth due to moisture retention,
Excessive sweating problem.
What causes obesity? Obesity risk factors
Obesity can develop due to various reasons. Although it is thought that the imbalances in the diet are the cause of obesity, hereditary and chronic diseases may lie under obesity. Obesity treatment should be continued together with the treatment of chronic diseases. The low sociocultural level, which is among the indirect risk factors for obesity, creates nutritional problems and invites obesity.
Major causes of obesity:
Excessive and unbalanced nutrition is the first risk factor that comes to mind when it comes to obesity. Imbalances in the diet, excessive food consumption, eating more than the body’s energy needs are the main causes of obesity.
Insulin resistance is a very common cause of obesity. In addition to environmental factors, genetic factors can also create insulin resistance.
Lack of physical activity and lack of movement also invite obesity. Lack of the habit of doing sports, working constantly at desk jobs, closing too much at home slows down the metabolism and opens the door to obesity.
Hormone disorders are also among the causes of obesity. When hunger hormone and satiety hormone are released unbalanced in the body, it invites obesity. Therefore, hormone controls should be done before obesity treatment. Pituitary gland diseases are also a serious risk factor in hormonal imbalances.
Thyroid gland diseases are common factors among obesity risk factors.
In addition to insulin resistance, which is one of the endocrine pancreatic diseases, Type 2 diabetes is also among the causes of obesity.
Medicines such as antidepressants can also cause obesity.
Frequent smoking, alcohol addiction, psychological problems and shock diets are also among the risk factors for obesity.