In men, the growth of breast tissue that occurs for various reasons is called gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is benign growths in the male breast tissue. It is an aesthetic problem that can affect one or both breasts. While it does not cause serious symptoms and discomfort in men in most cases, it can cause both physical and psychological discomfort in some cases.
Gynecomastia can be prevented carefully against uncontrolled drug consumption, especially by reducing alcohol consumption as the age advances, keeping weight control balanced. Medical history taken from the family and the patient and examination with foresight is an important process in the diagnosis. In addition, health problems underlying gynecomastia can be investigated with blood tests.
Breast swelling in men may not be gynecomastia in all cases.
The main cause of the swelling is also investigated in the doctor’s examination. Gynecomastia diagnosis must be made by experts authorized by the Ministry of Health. Swelling, tenderness and pain in the breasts that occur especially after the age of 50 should definitely be checked by a specialist doctor.
Gynecomastia is a treatable health problem. Gynecomastia re-treatment can be done with a fat removal operation. In addition, in advanced cases, breast tissue is completely removed by mastectomy operation. In advanced cases, breast enlargement, which causes psychological stress and leads to loss of self-confidence, should be treated in men.
Why does gynecomastia occur?
Gynecomastia is a hormonal condition. It occurs with the increase of estrogen known as the female hormone in men. Hormonal imbalance that may cause gynecomastia may be caused by age, weight gain, excess weight, and anti-androgen use. Kidney failure treatment is also a risk factor for gynecomastia. Some drugs and uncontrolled drug use also cause breast growth by affecting the hormonal balance of the body.
Especially after the age of 50, the risk of gynecomastia increases. However, hormonal changes during puberty can cause gynecomastia in male adolescents. Generally, the problem disappears with the completion of development in adolescence. Substance addiction, hyperthyroidism, tumors and malnutrition are the leading health problems that cause gynecomastia.
What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
The question of what are the symptoms of gynecomastia is a subject that is frequently investigated. Gynecomastia is a problem that manifests itself with noticeable swelling in the breast. Swelling is benign. Gynecomastia may also manifest itself as breast tenderness due to hormone imbalance. In addition, in some cases, there is pain in the breast area. Therefore, swelling, tenderness and pain in the breasts may indicate gynecomastia. Since these symptoms will also be associated with different diseases, the diagnosis should be made by a specialist.
Gynecomastia problem is also noticed in men’s clothing.
There is also a significant swelling under clothing in the breast area. In addition, discharge in the nipples in men is among the symptoms of gynecomastia. A dark and bloody fluid is a sign of disease in the breast tissue. Whether it has anything to do with gynecomastia can only be understood by the doctor. Whether there is a different underlying cause is investigated during the examination.
In some cases, fat deposits in the male breast tissue can also be a false sign of gynecomastia. In false gynecomastia, lubrication occurs on the sides, ends and behind of the breasts. Pseudo gynecomastia is different from gynecomastia, and if the patient is unwell, diet is usually recommended for initial treatment.