In parallel with the developments in the field of general surgery, the most common questions today come from obesity surgery. Obesity is a health problem in which the body mass index is above the correct level. It is known that obesity, which manifests itself as excess fat accumulation in the body, causes various health problems, especially cardiovascular diseases and high blood pressure.
Advanced technologies are used in the treatment of obesity, which is among the most important diseases of today. Obesity treatment is first tried to be done through balanced and conscious nutrition-oriented diet programs and exercises. Those who cannot lose weight despite all weight loss methods and those who lose weight and gain weight very quickly may need to be treated with obesity surgery.
Body mass index is an important diagnostic criterion in obesity. In cases where the body mass index is 30 to 40, obesity is mentioned in cases over 40, and morbid obesity is mentioned. Surgical treatment methods can be used for obese patients with a body mass index above 40 and those with obesity-related diseases between 30 and 40.
Obesity surgery requires an extremely sensitive and meticulous procedure. Obesity surgery should be done carefully by experts. Obesity surgeries are known as metabolic surgeries as well.
Types of Obesity Surgery
Obesity surgery is an obesity treatment performed by surgical intervention in the digestive system. There are various types of obesity surgery. The biochemical values of the patient and the appropriate treatment method for his condition are determined by the doctor.
Stomach band or stomach band: In this operation, a silicone band is attached around the stomach. Thus, food intake is limited.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery: In sleeve gastrectomy surgery, part of the stomach is removed by preserving its connection with the stomach tube and digestive tracts. Thus, it is aimed to limit food intake.
Gastrointestinal bypass / gastric bypass surgery: The purpose of this operation is to limit food intake into the stomach, as well as reduce intestinal absorption with an intervention in the intestine.
To whom the obesity surgery performed?
Those who want to apply for a surgical operation for obesity treatment may wonder whether they are suitable for obesity treatment. At this point, questions can be asked to whom is obesity treatment applied? For obesity treatment;
The body mass index should be above 40,
The patient should not have any psychiatric health problems,
The patient who will undergo surgical treatment should not have alcohol and drug addiction problems.
The patient should not have a higher risk of surgery than acceptable limits.
The age limit in obesity surgery is generally accepted between 20 and 60. However, in some cases, with the completion of the adolescence period, that is, from the age of 14 to 15, surgical treatment is possible.
Surgery can also be decided for those with a body mass index between 30-40 and Type 2 diabetes or metabolic disorders.
Before deciding on bariatric surgery, it should be learned how the patient copes with obesity. The history of the patient regarding obesity treatment is important. The patient’s failure to lose weight with diet programs at least twice and for 6 months brings surgery to the fore. Surgery may be the only solution for obesity cases that cannot lose weight with diet programs.