The disease that occurs towards the end of the first months of pregnancy and causes a problematic process in the development of the spine or spinal cord in the baby will appear as Spina Bifida. It is explained as the condition that the bones that should cover the spine do not completely cover and the nerves are exposed. What is Spina Bifida? What are the Diagnosis and Treatment Methods? You can stay in touch with us to get answers to such questions. Thus, you will have ideas about the risks associated with this situation, which is not yet known exactly why it occurs. We can state that it is frequently affected if there are various risks such as a family history of neural tube defect or folate deficiency. In addition, it is a disease that can occur due to some drugs, diabetes, obesity and high body temperature.
What Are the Types of Spina Bifida?
We state that the disease can be seen as mild or severe depending on the course of the disease. For this reason, you can have information about the mildest types of Spina Bifida or the more severe types. We convey that the most common varieties can be grouped as spina bifida occulta, meningocele, and meningomyelocele. It is unlikely that you will be aware of the Occulta type, which you can learn through various imaging devices, continues secretly and is the lightest. In the meningocele type, the membrane called the meninges appears to protrude from the open and hang outward. Since this fluid-filled sac does not contain the spinal cord, nerve damage is reported to be rare. Meningomyelocele is known as the most severe and severe form. It is seen that the sac is formed due to the spinal canal, membranes and nerves that are open along the waist and vertebrae. In such cases, it is stated that the life-threatening risk is high.
What are Spina Bifida Diagnostic Methods?
It will be possible to diagnose Spina Bifida before birth. As a result of ultrasound examinations, information about whether this disease is present or not is obtained. We also underline that detections can be made quickly with a method called amniocentesis. Despite this, attention is drawn to the fact that spina bifida is noticed before or during birth. For parents who do not want to face greater obstacles in the future, surgery can be recommended from the 26th week. Different treatment plans are applied according to the type of the disease. We state that physiotherapy applications also occupy an important place in order to gain the opportunity to move independently after birth. We underline that the limitation of movement can be greatly reduced by increasing the strength in the muscles.
How Is Spina Bifida Treated?
You will receive from a specialist team for the treatment of Spina Bifida, it is determined what kind of needs your child will encounter. In this way, we indicate that according to the treatment plans to be prepared, additions will be made according to your child’s age, increasing needs as they grow up, and changes. Thanks to the surgeries performed before birth, it is seen that the loss of nerve functions is greatly improved. You can get advice from your specialist doctors who will open the pregnant woman’s uterus and repair the baby’s spinal cord. In addition, physiotherapy treatment is applied to move independently and prevent deformities. Various exercises are done daily to support the legs.