Bone marrow is a spongy tissue containing blood-forming stem cells. These stem cells that make up the bone marrow also create blood cells when necessary. Blood cells, red blood cells, white blood cells and thrombocytes, have a vital function. All kinds of disorders in these blood cells threaten the health and life of the individual. In this case, bone marrow or stem cell transplantation comes to the fore as a treatment that gives very effective results for the patient to regain his health. When is bone marrow transplant performed? Why bone marrow transplantation is preferred are among the important issues for today’s medical world.
Situations in which the bone marrow cannot produce a healthy level of blood cells negatively affect the health and life comfort of the individual. In these cases, marrow transplantation is a matter of question.
Why is Bone Marrow Transplant Preferred?
The reason that necessitates bone marrow transplantation is the loss of the functions of the bone marrow of the patient. Bone marrow has lost the working order in which the individual can lead a healthy life. Cancer treatment and chronic infections are among the reasons that necessitate bone marrow transplantation. With bone marrow transplantation, thrombocytes, red blood cells or white blood cells are produced in the body in a way that helps the individual to maintain a healthy life.
Depending on the developments in the medical world, bone marrow transplantation, which has successful results in the treatment of many diseases, is becoming widespread. The question may come to mind in what situations is bone reconstruction transplant performed? Diseases that require bone marrow transplantation:
Acute and chronic leukemia
Congenital metabolic diseases,
What is a bone marrow transplant? How is a bone marrow transplant performed?
Bone marrow transplant is the process of giving the patient the bone marrow taken from the donor or healthy donor. The transplant is carried out through the vein. Before the procedure, bone marrow is taken from the healthy individual by numbing the waist and using needles. Bone marrow is transplanted into the recipient through a vein. The purpose of transplantation is to replace damaged stem cells with healthy cells.
Bone marrow transplantation is possible in two ways. In autologous transplantation, the patient’s own bone marrow is transplanted. In allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, bone marrow is taken from another donor. Before transplantation, the patient receives chemotherapy, and in some diseases, radiotherapy in addition to chemotherapy. At this stage, known as the conditioning regime, the immune system is suppressed, cancerous cells are destroyed, and the bone marrow is prepared for new stem cells.
Bone marrow transplant is a painless procedure and the patient is not put to sleep. It is carried out in sterile environments, under special conditions. It is necessary to continue the controls for 1 year following the bone marrow transplant and close medical support. The patient should pay close attention to the lifestyle and diet for a certain period after the transplant.
Oncologist is used in the treatment of some disorders including stem cell transplantation, plasma cell disorders, myeloma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Marrow transplant is used more broadly as allogeneic stem cell transplant in the treatment of many diseases.