Oncology is a science that deals with the formation, diagnosis and causes of cancer. Oncology also deals with the treatment of cancer. Oncology, which is a branch of medicine that also examines the relationship between cancer and heredity, is used to express malignant tumors. Oncology, which entered Turkish as the science of cancer, cooperates with surgical specialists in both the follow-up and treatment of patients.
Oncology is subdivided into sub-branches. These;
Surgical Oncology. This sorting area of interest and application types vary on the basis of basis.
Oncology Using Disciplines
In addition to the formation of cancer, a comprehensive medical field that deals with both its cause and treatment is called Oncology. Tumors with malignant characteristics, which are increasing in our age, are also called cancer. There are disciplines and fields dealing with oncology. Chief among these is surgical oncology.
The discipline that plays a major role in both the diagnosis of the disease and the removal of cancerous tissue is called surgical oncology. There are many surgical disciplines it contains. There is a misconception among the public that both biopsy and surgery spread cancerous cells. However, biopsy has a very important place in the diagnosis of cancer. Taking a sample from the diseased tissue by performing a biopsy is an important point in terms of both the presence of cancer and the detection of its type. This procedure does not cause the disease to spread or worsen.
Medical oncology is one of the disciplines dealing with oncology. This discipline is a discipline that is maintained by using both cancer drugs and radiotherapy for the treatment of patients with cancer cells that are too widespread to be operated either after surgical treatment or not. He continues the fight against cancer by doing good drug treatment.
Radiation oncology is one of the disciplines that benefit from Oncology and fight cancer. It performs the treatment of cancerous cells in cancer with the method of radiation therapy. This treatment method is applied with advanced radiotherapy devices. The purpose of Radiation Oncology is the destruction of the tumor area without damaging the healthy tissues.
Chemotherapy in Oncology
The method of treating cancer with drugs is called chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is performed by a medical oncologist called a medical oncologist. It accompanies both surgical treatment and this radiation therapy. It is also a vital part of tumor treatment. The purpose of chemotherapy is to prevent the growth of tumor cells. At the same time, killing these cells is among its aims. In addition to those taken orally, it is a drug that is mostly used intravenously.
Some of the drugs known as chemotherapy are drugs that directly affect the tumor. Chemotherapeutic, that is, chemical drugs, are also known as cancer drugs and have the properties to strengthen both the hormones and the immune system. Some are used to eliminate the side effects of drugs that directly affect the tumor. The purpose of use varies according to the condition of the patient and the disease.
It is used to completely destroy the cancer-containing tumor and to restore the patient’s health. It is also preferred to stop the growth of the cancerous tissue tumor. It is also applied to prevent the spread of the tumor to the body and to minimize the symptoms it causes.