Diseases that occur for a variety of reasons and continue throughout the life of the individual are called chronic diseases. Chronic diseases are long-term health problems with no definitive treatment. It requires regular medical attention and control. The symptoms of chronic diseases that reduce the quality of life and comfort of individuals and the severity of symptoms vary.
General characteristics of chronic diseases are as follows:
Chronic diseases usually start in middle age and last a lifetime.
In chronic diseases, a recovery period is entered from time to time. Sometimes the symptoms of the disease can be exacerbated.
Chronic patients receive regular care.
There may be a long time between the encounter with the cause of chronic diseases and the emergence of the disease.
Types of Chronic Diseases
Chronic diseases are divided into several types. Among the first things that come to mind when it comes to chronic disease, cardiovascular diseases are diabetes.
What are the types of chronic diseases?
COPD and asthma are the leading chronic respiratory diseases. In asthma, complaints of chest tightness, cough, and shortness of breath are experienced due to the excessive response of the airways of the person to various stimuli. COPD is a chronic disease in which the small airways of the individual cause respiratory distress by limiting the air flow after structural changes or narrowing.
Heart and vascular diseases are severe chronic diseases that threaten the life of the person. It is important to diagnose and control it early, as it will cause heart attack and stroke. Heart failure and coronary vascular diseases are disorders that negatively affect a person’s life comfort.
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic health problem among chronic diseases. In this disease, sugar is constantly high in the person’s body. Insulin secretion from the pancreas is impaired or resistance to insulin occurs in the body.
Obesity is also a chronic disease accepted by the world health authorities as a disease of the age. Obesity occurs when the body mass index of the person is over 30. Obesity is a disease that causes a wide variety of health problems, especially cardiovascular diseases. For this reason, it is becoming increasingly important to correct the obesity problem, which cannot be corrected by diet programs and exercises, with surgical methods.
Joint inflammation is a chronic disease that manifests itself with limitation of movement and severe joint pain, especially as the age increases. In joint inflammations, also known as arthritis, swelling and tenderness occur in the joints. Arthritis and Rheumatism are among the most common arthritis.
Chronic kidney disease is a chronic disease characterized by the loss of kidney functions at a level that threatens the health of the individual.
Chronic hematological diseases are serious blood diseases. Chronic leukemia is one of these diseases. Today, important medical developments have been achieved in the treatment of chronic hematology diseases.
Neurocognitive diseases include diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s.
Anxiety, chronic depression and psychosis are the leading chronic psychiatric diseases.
Chronic digestive system diseases are diseases such as gastritis, peptic ulcer, chronic diarrhea, cirrhosis, jaundice.