Kidneys are vital organs that clean the water, acid and wastes in the body and make them urine. It is one of the most important organs of the body and plays a role in balancing blood pressure by removing waste from the blood in the body. Kidney diseases appear in various forms and must be treated.
Diseases that occur in the kidneys can pose a threat to the vital functions of the individual. Kidney diseases;
Loss of function due to uncontrollable blood pressure,
Lupus and ligament diseases can be seen as.
When kidneys are mentioned, the first health problem that comes to mind is kidney failure. The answer to the questions of what is kidney failure, what causes kidney failure, is often investigated.
What is kidney failure, why does it occur?
The last stage of chronic kidney diseases emerges as kidney failure. Renal failure is the loss of the kidney’s function of filtering harmful substances in the blood, that is, toxins. Loss of kidney function causes toxic load in the body. Therefore, it causes vital problems.
Causes of kidney failure:
Very serious infections,
Substance and alcohol addiction,
Heavy metal poisoning and toxin loading,
Scleroderma, lupus, hemolytic uremic syndrome, vasculitis, diabetes, some blood diseases
Inflammation of kidney capillaries called glomerulonephritis
What are the types of kidney failure?
Renal failure can be seen in five types. The type of kidney failure caused by insufficient blood flow to the kidneys is often treated by normalizing blood flow. Acute renal failure is of trauma origin. Chronic prerenal renal failure, in which the kidney shrinks due to the lack of blood flow, leads to loss of kidney function. Chronic post-renal renal failure is a type that occurs with prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract.
What is Kidney Transplant?
In cases where the kidneys lose their function, kidney transplantation is possible. Kidney transplantation is the process of implanting a healthy organ in patients with kidney failure. It is a serious operation and is applied with highly developed techniques today. When kidney functions begin to progress below 15 percent in people with chronic kidney disease, treatment comes to the fore. Treatment for kidney failure is dialysis or kidney transplant. Kidney transplantation is more important in increasing the comfort of life of the patient.
Under what conditions is a kidney transplant done?
Kidney transplantation is possible when kidney activities fall below 15 percent. Generally, anyone who does not have an active infection can have a kidney transplant. In the infection, the active infection must first be treated in order for the patient to be ready for transport. In addition, tumors should be treated first in tumors. In cases where hepatitis damages the liver, it is more appropriate for the kidney patient to continue life with dialysis.
Kidney transplantation is an extremely vital and meticulous procedure that must be performed by specialists in a hospital environment under sterile conditions. The operation is carried out in fully equipped operating rooms.
Deciding and applying a kidney transplant before dialysis treatment is considered more appropriate in the medical world. In these cases, if there is a living donor, it is essential that the transfer is made as soon as possible. Tissue compatibility is very important in kidney transplantation. Kidney tissues of the donor and the recipient must match. In addition, blood group compatibility is in question, as the donor blood group must be introduced to the recipient as his own. However, in cases of blood group incompatibility, successful results are obtained in the transplants performed in a highly developed way today.
In a kidney transplant, removal of a kidney from a living donor is a procedure in which the donor returns to normal within a week. The donor lives in a healthy way with a single kidney, and kidney loss does not cause any problems for the donor.